What are Trace Elements?
About 70 different elements have been identified throughout all living organisms on Earth, 43 of which are considered essential. Several of them are present in every living organism, many are not ubiquitous, but still common, and a few are used only be certain particular species.
Trace elements in the context of biology are defined as elements present in living organisms in trace amounts ( less than 0.001% of total mass). For example, human body, as most living organisms, consists of more than 50% oxygen by mass, with other major players being carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, phosphorus, and calcium. Everything else is a trace element.
Their low content, however, does not make them unimportant. Trace elements are not used as building blocks of cells, but rather as specialized one-of-a-kind parts of certain biological molecules, or as co-factors and catalysts of many biochemical reactions. A single molecule of hemoglobin is massive in size, but only needs four atoms of iron, compared to hundreds of carbon, oxygen and hydrogen. Yet the absence of any one of those elements makes it equally impossible to produce hemoglobin.
Trace elements play a key part in cell differentiation and development, angiogenesis, cellular respiration, stabilization of cell membranes, functioning of the immune system, and hundreds of other biological processes. Metals regulate tertiary and quaternary structures of many proteins. Without these trace elements, vitamins, hormones, and enzymes cannot be produced or cannot function.
How Mesotherapy Can Help
The biggest advantage of using mesotherapy to supply the trace elements is the efficiency of the pinpoint delivery. Essential trace elements are commonly available at any pharmacy in pill or capsule form, right next to vitamins and other nutritive supplements. However taking them orally is less effective and much slower than in form of injections. Only a fraction of ingested nutrients will be absorbed into blood from the intestine and then transferred to vital internal organs from the blood vessels. As blood circulates around the organism, more and more nutrients are taken up, but the skin is unfortunately last in line to get them.
Serving a number of functions as a protective barrier and as a medium of exchange between the body and the environment, the skin is the largest organ of the human body, and it also needs the essential trace elements to properly function. Mesotherapy injections is an ideal solution for supplying the skin with all the needed nutrients because only mesotherapy delivers them to the target areas instantly.
Indications for inclusion of essential trace elements in mesotherapy cocktails:
- Wrinkles, reduced skin turgor, aged skin.
- Grey hair
- Alopecia and damaged hair
|Major functions of trace elements in the human body|
|Support of cellular respiration||Co, P, S|
|Oxygenation of tissues||Co, Ge|
|Prevention of oxidative damage (anti-oxidant)||Co, Mn, Se, Zn, Cu|
|Anti-inflammatory effect||Ag, Ge, Cu, S, Zn|
|Regulation of nutrient exchange||Cr, P, Va, K|
|Support of immune system||Ge, Ag, Cu|
|Repair of connective fibers||Cu, Mg, Si|
Since many of these minerals are fairly rare in our diet and often specific only to a few kinds of foods, they are almost inevitably in short supply in our bodies, meaning that vital processes depending on them are not fully operational or stagnate altogether. In case of a moderate lack of trace elements (severe deficiency is rare and leads to serious illness) the skin is the first to suffer because it is the last to obtain nutrients from the blood stream. Mesotherapy with trace elements is not a purely cosmetic treatment. It actually heals the skin instead of simply correcting its appearance and this is why patients are most satisfied with mesotherapy – they can feel the improvement and notice longer-lasting results after a course of treatments.